From immigration plan to temporary protected status: House of Representatives lowers expectations

Eight months after passing two bills that included a path to citizenship for millions of dreamers, holders of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and farm workers, the House of Representatives lowered immigration expectations to a temporary residence that will allow the beneficiaries travel and return while maintaining the same status.

The new clause was added to the $ 1.75 billion budget package that would add $ 100 billion to finance migration changes.

President Jo Biden promised during his campaign that he would present immigration reform to Congress to lift the majority of the 11 million illegal immigrants living in the country from the shadows, but the efforts have been cut short due to a lack of Republican support and uncertainty. of at least two Democratic legislators in the Senate (Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona and Joe Manchin of West Virginia).

On March 18, the lower house, with bipartisan support, approved two bills granting temporary residency for 10 years to some 8 million dreamers, TPS holders and agricultural workers. At the end of that period they would qualify for permanent residence (Green Card) and three years later they would be eligible for citizenship.

Both bills were sent to the Senate, where 60 votes are required to pass and Democrats only have 50. Republicans rejected both proposals and made their votes conditional on solving the crisis on the border with Mexico.

As both immigration projects stalled, Democrats chose to include the proposals in a budget reconciliation package for fiscal year 2022, which also does not have Republican votes in the Senate.

The tool will allow Democrats to approve Biden’s budget plan with a simple majority (51 votes), lowered from $ 3.5 trillion to $ 1.75 trillion to ensure the 50 endorsements of the caucus and the vote of Vice President Kamala Harris.

However, to advance the debate, Democrats need to show that legalizing millions of undocumented immigrants will benefit the nation and will not increase public spending, something that must be approved by the Senate’s top adviser, attorney Elizabeth MacDonough (Parlamemtarian).

So far MacDonough has rejected two proposals, one based on the March 18 bills and a second, called Plan B, which proposed modifying the Registry Law, an old provision of the Immigration Law that allows undocumented immigrants who are in United States since January 1, 1972 qualify for residency. The proposal suggested moving the date to January 1, 2010.

The Parliamentarian rejected this second option claiming that, in both plans, the change of status to legal resident is a change for life in circumstances whose value far exceeds its budgetary impact ”.

In light of the delay in the Senate, the Lower House anticipated Wednesday and included an immigration amendment to the budget debate and continue to pressure the Senate.

The clauses introduced will create a new program for some 7 million undocumented people who have been in the country since before January 1, 2011, who will qualify for employment authorization, travel authorization, driver’s licenses and health care coverage after a anus.

The plan adds that five years after receiving the benefit, immigrants will be able to access certain public assistance such as medical insurance (Medicaid).

Democrats also propose to recover unused family and employment visas from quotas between fiscal years 1992 through 2021. The bill notes that the main beneficiaries of the recovery of these family-based visas will be Mexican and Filipino immigrants.

A Democratic source in Congress told Univision Noticias that the version of the House of Representatives is similar to Plan C being considered by senators, who are waiting for a report from the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) to justify the temporary regularization of millions of undocumented immigrants. in the budget reconciliation package.

“Once the report is ready, the bench will deliver Plan C to MacDonough,” he said.

“If he rejects it, the bench will move to move forward without taking into account the opinion of the Parlamentarian,” he added.

This latest attempt, however, requires the vote of all 50 members of the Senate Democratic caucus, including those from Sinema and Manchin, who have so far given no guarantees that they will vote in favor of the reconciliation package.

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From immigration plan to temporary protected status: House of Representatives lowers expectations

The Inside News Hyderabad