The President of the United States, Joe Biden, signed and promulgated this Wednesday, November 10, the Law to Strengthen the Adherence of Nicaragua to the Conditions for the Electoral Reform or the Renacer Law, which proposes to exert more pressure on the regime of Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo, through individual sanctions against officials and restricting multilateral bank loans.
The signing of the legislation occurs exactly one week after the bipartisan US House of Representatives conclusively approved the Law with 387 votes, out of 432 representatives, and only three days after the disputed and controversial elections were held. in Nicaragua cataloged by the White House as “a pantomime.” The promulgation of the Renacer Law, according to US officials, corresponds to the Biden Administration’s response to the electoral farce in which Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega consummated his fourth consecutive election.
Also read: Ortega and Murillo are assigned the Presidency with 75.87 percent of the votes, according to the final report of the CSE
The Supreme Electoral Council (CSE), dominated by magistrates related to Ortega, assigned 75.87 of the votes to the candidates of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), Daniel Ortega and Rosario Murillo, re-electing them as president and vice president of Nicaragua. That result, in addition to being rejected by the US Administration, has awakened declarations of illegitimacy from about 40 countries, including 27 from the European Union (EU).
The eight scopes that the Law includes
- 1. Aligns US diplomacy and specific sanctions to promote democratic elections, including a review of key Nicaraguans who have dismantled the prospects for free, fair and transparent elections.
- 2. Ask the executive branch to review Nicaragua’s continued participation in the Central American Free Trade Agreement (Cafta).
- 3. Expands supervision of loans from international financial institutions to Nicaragua and reaffirms the existing legal exemption for humanitarian projects.
- 4. Requires coordination of sanctions with Canada and the European Union.
- 5. Add Nicaragua to the list of Central American countries subject to visa restrictions related to corruption.
- 6. Requires classified reports on the corruption perpetrated by the Government and the family of President Ortega, as well as on the activities of the Russian government in Nicaragua.
- 7. Requires reporting of Russian military sales to Nicaragua and a review of possible sanctions under the Countering US Adversaries through Sanctions Act (Caatsa).
- 8. Requires reporting on human rights abuses committed by Nicaraguan security forces in rural and indigenous communities.
The way to become law
To become law, the Renacer project was first discussed and approved by the plenary session of the United States Senate on August 6. Then it went to the House of Representatives, where this Wednesday it was approved, and the last step will be to send it to the office of President Joe Biden for signature and entry into force.
On March 25, Senator and Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Bob Menéndez, along with Marco Rubio (Republican of Florida), Tim Kaine (Democrat of Virginia) and the chairman of the Western Affairs Subcommittee, as well as the also Democrats Dick Durbin, Ben Cardin and Chris Murphy introduced the draft of the Renacer Act before the US Senate.
On April 30, Congressman Albio Sires, president of the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, Civil Security, Migration and International Economic Policy of the United States, along with Congresswoman María Elvira Salazar, were in charge of presenting the initiative of the Renacer Law before the North American Congress.
It may interest you: US Senate approves amendment to the Renacer Act to accelerate discussion in the House of Representatives
On June 22, the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee, led by Senator Menéndez, approved the Renacer Bill with two new amendments, including the review of Nicaragua’s participation in the Central American Free Trade Agreement. , Dominican Republic and the United States.
On July 28, the Foreign Affairs Committee of the United States House of Representatives approved the Renacer Bill. The discussion of the Renacer Bill was item number five on the agenda of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the US House of Representatives, identified with the number of HR legislation. 2946.
On August 6, the US Senate passed the bill, and about a month later, on November 1, the Senate passed a new, amended version of the bill.
On November 3, the US House of Representatives approved the bill with 387 votes. With this, the approval by the two houses of the US Legislature was completed, to then be sent to Biden’s office.
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Joe Biden signs the Renacer Law, which seeks to pressure the Ortega regime