“Internal security”: the police of tomorrow according to Pierre Joxe

Delivered. Can we still reform the police? And, if so, what movement can we give to such a vast undertaking to carry out as it can prove to be politically perilous? Minister of the Interior of 1984 to 1986, and from 1988 to 1991, then president of the Court of Auditors, Pierre Joxe has a frank legitimacy to seize a complex subject, with more distant causes than it seems: in 1980s, the former minister was already experimenting with police officers “Monopolized by a multitude of administrative tasks” and “Bad relations with public opinion”.

Both an attempt at Memoirs – which we would have liked to have been more fleshed out – theoretical reflection and prospective essay, Homeland security endeavors to take stock of an institution in crisis and to put forward avenues for reflection in favor of a greater ” opening “. Because the police are one of the few public services open night and day throughout the year, ensuring a better connection with civil society is not only a means of ensuring increased efficiency in its primary mission: to guarantee order. That would protect her too of a “Harmful corporatism” as much as a security drift imposed for a long time, in reality long before the passage of Nicolas Sarkozy Place Beauvau, the politicians responsible for the file.

For a reflection on the long term

When the endless race for means or their modernization offers ministerial action immediate and retributive visibility with the troops, Pierre Joxe pleads for a reflection on the long term “Because the police officers recruited today will still be in office in 2050”, a real revolution in practices for the benefit of “Social dimension of police work” or the introduction of an apprenticeship in the social sciences in the training course for civil servants. In passing, he usefully recalls that the Minister of the Interior is not only that of the police but, among others, that of religions and communities – whether or not he is flanked by a Secretary of State responsible for these files: in the author’s case, his involvement in the adoption of a new statute for Corsica in 1991, whose institutional framework persists thirty years later, bears witness to this.

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Of course, it will always be possible to criticize this book for an approach exclusively devoted to public security, “Heart of the police profession”, and purely and simply evacuating the question of the judicial police. Despite a lively debate on the issue, it is also difficult to follow the former minister when he denounces the use of “Non-lethal weapons”, such as the electric pulse pistol or the defense bullet launcher, two means of intermediate force which avoid, in the case of risky interventions, the use of the regulatory pistol, or even of even heavier weapons including the staffing is not systematically accompanied by regular training.

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“Internal security”: the police of tomorrow according to Pierre Joxe

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