October’s news was marked by the “Pandora Papers”, Franco-Algerian tensions, the energy crisis, with the soaring gas and fuel prices, the setbacks of Facebook… But also by the publication of the report eagerly awaited by the Sauvé commission on sexual abuse in the Catholic Church and the holding of the G20 in Rome.
The independent commission on sexual abuse in the Catholic Church, known as the Sauvé commission, delivered damning conclusions on October 5. Its eagerly awaited report reports 216,000 underage victims of members of the clergy since 1950. A phenomenon « massif » and “Systemic”, according to the task force.
At the beginning of October, the “Pandora Papers”, a new survey by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists – including The world is a partner – on the secrets of offshore finance, shake the planet. From Tony Blair to Dominique Strauss-Kahn, from Spanish singer Julio Iglesias to King Abdullah II of Jordan, the scandal splashes onto hundreds of heads of state, public officials and personalities from the entertainment world, causing unease in many countries.
Emmanuel Macron inaugurated the Estates General of Justice on October 18 in Poitiers. During these 120 days of citizen consultation and debate, he called for “To renew the link between justice and those in whose name it is rendered”. On June 4, the presidents of the Court of Cassation and the Superior Council of the Judiciary, Chantal Arens and François Molins, came to inform him of a “Collective despair” magistrates, clerks and court officials, evoking a “System out of breath”.
A study published in the scientific journal Global Environmental Change on October 20 revealed that the French oil group TotalEnergies, flagship of fossil fuels, questioned the scientific data on the reality of climate change to preserve its activities, despite the fact that it was aware of the risks to the planet from 1971.
Faced with rising energy and fuel prices, Prime Minister Jean Castex announced on October 21 a “Inflation compensation” of 100 euros. The amount will be allocated automatically to each person earning less than 2,000 euros net per month.
In September, the announcement by France of a reduction in the number of visas granted to nationals of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia had caused tensions between Paris and Algiers. At the beginning of October, the relationship between the two countries tilts once again in an area of strong turbulence, after the unusually harsh words held by Emmanuel Macron and reported by The world, Saturday October 2, against a “Politico-military system” Algerian ” tiredness “. The Algerian government denounces “Irresponsible words” and an « iunacceptable interference in its internal affairs ”, before recalling his ambassador to Paris.
Bad luck for Facebook. On Monday, October 4, the social network’s services, such as those of its WhatsApp and Messenger messengers and its Instagram subsidiary, were completely inaccessible for about six hours, a problem linked to a “Faulty configuration change” of its servers, according to a statement from the group. The next day, Frances Haugen was auditioned by the US Senate: this former Facebook engineer accuses her of “Choose profit rather than security” of its users.
The coup in Sudan, which took place on October 25, is causing great concern around the world. Many international voices have condemned the arrest of civilian leaders by the military. General Abdel Fattah Al-Bourhane, now alone in command of this poor East African country, has dissolved the government supposed to ensure the transition to democracy.
While Angela Merkel has committed Germany to the path of an exit from the atom scheduled for 2022, Emmanuel Macron is increasingly assuming a pronuclear position. The Head of State assures us that this energy is not incompatible with environmental issues and the development of renewables. The France 2030 investment plan, presented on October 12, also provides for a budget of 1 billion euros for the development of « small modular reactors », mini nuclear power plants.
Organized on Saturday 30 and Sunday 31 October by the President of the Italian Council, Mario Draghi, in Rome, the G20 is supposed to prepare the work of the COP26, which is taking place in Glasgow, under the aegis of the United Kingdom. The meeting is taking place against a backdrop of soaring energy costs and multiple shortages, especially in Europe.
Taiwan is facing a record number of Chinese military aircraft incursions and Xi Jinping is increasing allusions to an imminent “reunification” with the island, which has been politically separated from China since 1949. Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen has spoken out. said determined, on October 10, at this “That no one can force us to take the path traced by China”. Beijing’s aggression on Taipei could also trigger a direct conflict with the United States.
In Russia, where the toll of the Covid-19 epidemic now exceeds 235,000 dead, the authorities are partially reconfiguring in an attempt to contain the contaminations. Since October 28, all restaurants, schools, nurseries, nightclubs and other services or stores deemed “non-essential”, as well as most businesses and administrations, are closed until November 7.
“No fuel” displayed many British service stations in early October. After Brexit and Covid-19, a gasoline shortage is affecting the island. It is not the fuel that is lacking, but the truck drivers to transport it. The army had to be called to the rescue to supply the stations stormed by motorists.
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Sauvé Commission, Facebook, energy prices… The month of October in drawings