Machine learning used to predict synthesis of complex novel materials

Journal Reference: Carolin B. Wahl, Muratahan Aykol, Jordan H. Swisher, Joseph H. Montoya, Santosh K. Suram, Chad A. Mirkin. Machine learning–accelerated design and synthesis of polyelemental heterostructures. Science Advances, 2021; 7 (52) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abj5505 Nanoparticles have already found their way into applications ranging from energy storage and conversion to quantum computing and therapeutics. But given … Read more

Using sparse data to predict lab earthquakes

Journal Reference: Kun Wang, Christopher W. Johnson, Kane C. Bennett, Paul A. Johnson. Predicting fault slip via transfer learning. Nature Communications, 2021; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-27553-5 “The very long timescale between major earthquakes limits the data sets, since major faults may slip only once in 50 to 100 years or longer, meaning seismologists have had … Read more

First model to predict lifetime risk of heart failure

Journal Reference: Sadiya S Khan, Hongyan Ning, Norrina B Allen, Mercedes Carnethon, Clyde W Yancy, Sanjiv J Shah, John T Wilkins, Lu Tian, Donald Lloyd-Jones. Development and Validation of A Long-Term Incident Heart Failure Risk Model. Circulation Research, 2021; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.121.319595 Such a model now exists, thanks to a new Northwestern Medicine study, which derived … Read more

Researchers first to predict when bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics

Journal Reference: Arturo Torres Ortiz, Jorge Coronel, Julia Rios Vidal, Cesar Bonilla, David A. J. Moore, Robert H. Gilman, Francois Balloux, Onn Min Kon, Xavier Didelot, Louis Grandjean. Genomic signatures of pre-resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nature Communications, 2021; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-27616-7 The findings, published in Nature Communications, will allow doctors in the future to … Read more

MRI findings predict shoulder stiffness for rotator cuff tears

Journal Reference: Yoon Yi Kim, Bo Mi Chung, Wan Tae Kim, Young Lee. MRI Findings Predictive of Shoulder Stiffness in Patients With Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tears. American Journal of Roentgenology, 2020; 1 DOI: 10.2214/AJR.19.21973 Studying 106 patients with small to large ( Tear size and location were determined by MRI findings and operative report, while … Read more

Personality traits predict performance differently across different jobs

Journal Reference: Michael P. Wilmot, Deniz S. Ones. Occupational characteristics moderate personality–performance relations in major occupational groups. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 2021; 131: 103655 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvb.2021.103655 “Although past studies made statements about the effects of personality traits on job performance in general, the specifics of these relationships really depend on the job,” said Michael Wilmot, … Read more

New method to predict stress at atomic scale

Journal Reference: Y. Cui, H.B. Chew. Machine-Learning Prediction of Atomistic Stress along Grain Boundaries. Acta Materialia, 2022; 222: 117387 DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117387 According to Huck Beng Chew and his doctoral student Yue Cui, materials, such as copper, are very different at these very small scales. “Metals are typically polycrystalline in that they contain many grains,” Chew … Read more

Researchers train computers to predict the next designer drugs

Journal Reference: Skinnider, M.A., Wang, F., Pasin, D. et al. A deep generative model enables automated structure elucidation of novel psychoactive substances. Nat Mach Intell, 2021 DOI: 10.1038/s42256-021-00407-x Law enforcement agencies are in a race to identify and regulate new versions of dangerous psychoactive drugs such as bath salts and synthetic opioids, even as clandestine … Read more

New imaging biomarkers predict antidepressant response

Journal Reference: Kevin P. Nguyen, Cherise Chin Fatt, Alex Treacher, Cooper Mellema, Crystal Cooper, Manish K. Jha, Benji Kurian, Maurizio Fava, Patrick J. McGrath, Myrna Weissman, Mary L. Phillips, Madhukar H. Trivedi, Albert Montillo. Patterns of Pre-Treatment Reward Task Brain Activation Predict Individual Antidepressant Response: Key Results from the EMBARC Randomized Clinical Trial. Biological Psychiatry, … Read more

Better models of atmospheric ‘detergent’ can help predict climate change

Journal Reference: Lee T. Murray, Arlene M. Fiore, Drew T. Shindell, Vaishali Naik, Larry W. Horowitz. Large uncertainties in global hydroxyl projections tied to fate of reactive nitrogen and carbon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (43): e2115204118 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2115204118 It is difficult to measure OH, however, and it is not directly … Read more

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